php实现的一个简单json rpc框架实例

json rpc 是一种以json为消息格式的远程调用服务,它是一套允许运行在不同操作系统、不同环境的程序实现基于Internet过程调用的规范和一系列的实现。这种远程过程调用可以使用http作为传输协议,也可以使用其它传输协议,传输的内容是json消息体。

下面我们code一套基于php的rpc框架,此框架中包含rpc的服务端server,和应用端client;

(一)PHP服务端RPCserver jsonRPCServer.php

class jsonRPCServer {
/**
*处理一个request类,这个类中绑定了一些请求参数
* @param object $object
* @return boolean
*/
public static function handle($object) {
// 判断是否是一个rpc json请求
if ($_SERVER[‘REQUEST_METHOD’] != ‘POST’ || empty($_SERVER[‘CONTENT_TYPE’])
||$_SERVER[‘CONTENT_TYPE’] != ‘application/json’) {
return false;
}
// reads the input data
$request = json_decode(file_get_contents(‘php://input’),true);
// 执行请求类中的接口
try {
if ($result = @call_user_func_array(array($object,$request[‘method’]),$request[‘params’])) {
$response = array ( ‘id’=> $request[‘id’],’result’=> $result,’error’=> NULL );
} else {
$response = array ( ‘id’=> $request[‘id’], ‘result’=> NULL,
‘error’ => ‘unknown method or incorrect parameters’ );}
} catch (Exception $e) {
$response = array (‘id’ => $request[‘id’],’result’ => NULL, ‘error’ =>$e->getMessage());
}
// json 格式输出
if (!empty($request[‘id’])) { // notifications don’t want response
header(‘content-type: text/javascript’);
echo json_encode($response);
}
return true;
}
}

(二)Rpc客户端,jsonRPCClient.php

<?php
/*
*/
class jsonRPCClient {

private $debug;
private $url;
// 请求id
private $id;
private $notification = false;
/**
* @param $url
* @param bool $debug
*/
public function __construct($url,$debug = false) {
// server URL
$this->url = $url;
// proxy
empty($proxy) ? $this->proxy = ” : $this->proxy = $proxy;
// debug state
empty($debug) ? $this->debug = false : $this->debug = true;
// message id
$this->id = 1;
}

/**
*
* @param boolean $notification
*/
public function setRPCNotification($notification) {
empty($notification) ? $this->notification = false : $this->notification = true;
}

/**
* @param $method
* @param $params
* @return bool
* @throws Exception
*/
public function __call($method,$params) {
// 检验request信息
if (!is_scalar($method)) {
throw new Exception(‘Method name has no scalar value’);
}
if (is_array($params)) {
$params = array_values($params);
} else {
throw new Exception(‘Params must be given as array’);
}

if ($this->notification) {
$currentId = NULL;
} else {
$currentId = $this->id;
}

// 拼装成一个request请求
$request = array( ‘method’ => $method, ‘params’ => $params,’id’ => $currentId);
$request = json_encode($request);
$this->debug && $this->debug.=’***** Request *****’.”n”.$request.”n”.’***** End Of request *****’.”nn”;
$opts = array (‘http’ => array (
‘method’ => ‘POST’,
‘header’ => ‘Content-type: application/json’,
‘content’ => $request
));
// 关键几部
$context = stream_context_create($opts);
if ( $result = file_get_contents($this->url, false, $context)) {
$response = json_decode($result,true);
} else {
throw new Exception(‘Unable to connect to ‘.$this->url);
}
// 输出调试信息
if ($this->debug) {
echo nl2br(($this->debug));
}
// 检验response信息
if (!$this->notification) {
// check
if ($response[‘id’] != $currentId) {
throw new Exception(‘Incorrect response id (request id: ‘.$currentId.’, response id: ‘.$response[‘id’].’)’);
}
if (!is_null($response[‘error’])) {
throw new Exception(‘Request error: ‘.$response[‘error’]);
}
return $response[‘result’];

} else {
return true;
}
}
}
?>

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