PHP中实现crontab代码分享

1. 准备一个标准crontab文件 ./crontab

# m h dom mon dow command
* * * * * date > /tmp/cron.date.run

2. crontab -e 将此cron.php脚本加入系统cron

* * * * * /usr/bin/php cron.php

3. cron.php 源码

// 从./crontab读取cron项,也可以从其他持久存储(mysql、redis)读取
$crontab = file(‘./crontab’);
$now = $_SERVER[‘REQUEST_TIME’];

foreach ( $crontab as $cron ) {
$slices = preg_split(“/[s]+/”, $cron, 6);
if( count($slices) !== 6 ) continue;

$cmd = array_pop($slices);
$cron_time = implode(‘ ‘, $slices);
$next_time = Crontab::parse($cron_time, $now);
if ( $next_time !== $now ) continue;

$pid = pcntl_fork();
if ($pid == -1) {
die(‘could not fork’);
} else if ($pid) {
// we are the parent
pcntl_wait($status, WNOHANG); //Protect against Zombie children
} else {
// we are the child
`$cmd`;
exit;
}
}

/* https://github.com/jkonieczny/PHP-Crontab */
class Crontab {
/**
* Finds next execution time(stamp) parsin crontab syntax,
* after given starting timestamp (or current time if ommited)
*
* @param string $_cron_string:
*
* 0 1 2 3 4
* * * * * *
* – – – – –
* | | | | |
* | | | | +—– day of week (0 – 6) (Sunday=0)
* | | | +——- month (1 – 12)
* | | +——— day of month (1 – 31)
* | +———– hour (0 – 23)
* +————- min (0 – 59)
* @param int $_after_timestamp timestamp [default=current timestamp]
* @return int unix timestamp – next execution time will be greater
* than given timestamp (defaults to the current timestamp)
* @throws InvalidArgumentException
*/
public static function parse($_cron_string,$_after_timestamp=null)
{
if(!preg_match(‘/^((*(/[0-9]+)?)|[0-9-,/]+)s+((*(/[0-9]+)?)|[0-9-,/]+)s+((*(/[0-9]+)?)|[0-9-,/]+)s+((*(/[0-9]+)?)|[0-9-,/]+)s+((*(/[0-9]+)?)|[0-9-,/]+)$/i’,trim($_cron_string))){
throw new InvalidArgumentException(“Invalid cron string: “.$_cron_string);
}
if($_after_timestamp && !is_numeric($_after_timestamp)){
throw new InvalidArgumentException(“$_after_timestamp must be a valid unix timestamp ($_after_timestamp given)”);
}
$cron = preg_split(“/[s]+/i”,trim($_cron_string));
$start = empty($_after_timestamp)?time():$_after_timestamp;

$date = array( ‘minutes’ =>self::_parseCronNumbers($cron[0],0,59),
‘hours’ =>self::_parseCronNumbers($cron[1],0,23),
‘dom’ =>self::_parseCronNumbers($cron[2],1,31),
‘month’ =>self::_parseCronNumbers($cron[3],1,12),
‘dow’ =>self::_parseCronNumbers($cron[4],0,6),
);
// limited to time()+366 – no need to check more than 1year ahead
for($i=0;$i<=60*60*24*366;$i+=60){
if( in_array(intval(date(‘j’,$start+$i)),$date[‘dom’]) &&
in_array(intval(date(‘n’,$start+$i)),$date[‘month’]) &&
in_array(intval(date(‘w’,$start+$i)),$date[‘dow’]) &&
in_array(intval(date(‘G’,$start+$i)),$date[‘hours’]) &&
in_array(intval(date(‘i’,$start+$i)),$date[‘minutes’])

){
return $start+$i;
}
}
return null;
}

/**
* get a single cron style notation and parse it into numeric value
*
* @param string $s cron string element
* @param int $min minimum possible value
* @param int $max maximum possible value
* @return int parsed number
*/
protected static function _parseCronNumbers($s,$min,$max)
{
$result = array();

$v = explode(‘,’,$s);
foreach($v as $vv){
$vvv = explode(‘/’,$vv);
$step = empty($vvv[1])?1:$vvv[1];
$vvvv = explode(‘-‘,$vvv[0]);
$_min = count($vvvv)==2?$vvvv[0]:($vvv[0]==’*’?$min:$vvv[0]);
$_max = count($vvvv)==2?$vvvv[1]:($vvv[0]==’*’?$max:$vvv[0]);

for($i=$_min;$i<=$_max;$i+=$step){
$result[$i]=intval($i);
}
}
ksort($result);
return $result;
}
}

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