Apache+Tomcat 动静分离

环境准备:

CentOS 7

需要软件

  • jdk-8u45-linux-x64.tar.gz
  • apache-tomcat-8.5.40.tar.gz
  • apr-1.6.5.tar.gz
  • apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz
  • pcre-8.40.tar.gz
  • httpd-2.4.39.tar.gz
  • tomcat-connectors-1.2.46-src.tar.gz

安装jdk环境

(所有的软件均放置在/usr/local/src/下面)

(1)解压jdk并放置在/usr/local/目录下
cd /usr/local/src/
tar xzf jdk-8u45-linux-x64.tar.gz
mv jdk1.8.0_45 /usr/local/jdk1.8
(2)添加为系统环境变量
vim /etc/profile

 

安装tomcat

tar xfz apache-tomcat-8.5.40.tar.gz
mv apache-tomcat-8.5.40 /usr/local/tomcat

安装apr

cd /usr/local/src/
tar xfz apr-1.6.5.tar.gz
yum -y install gcc-c++
cd /usr/local/src/apr-1.6.5
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/apr
make
make install

Apr安装报错:
rm: cannot remove ‘libtoolT’: No such file or directory
解决:
修改执行文件configure第30392行

 

安装apr-util

cd /usr/local/src/
tar xfz apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/apr-util –with-apr=/usr/local/apr
make && make install

Apr-util安装报错:
xml/apr_xml.c:35:19: fatal error: expat.h: No such file or directory
解决:
安装yum -y install expat-devel

安装pcre

cd /usr/local/src/
tar xfz pcre-8.40.tar.gz
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/pcre && make && make install

编译安装httpd

cd /usr/local/src/
tar xfz httpd-2.4.39.tar.gz
cd httpd-2.4.39
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/apache –sysconfdir=/etc/httpd –enable-so –enable-rewrite –with-apr=/usr/local/apr –with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util –with-pcre=/usr/local/pcre
make
make install

编译安装报错:
make[2]: *** [htpasswd] Error 1
make[2]: Leaving directory `/usr/local/httpd-2.4.33/support’
make[1]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/local/httpd-2.4.33/support’
make: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
解决:
解决方法:
把解压好的apr和apr-util (这里是刚解压出来的源码文件夹)复制到 /httpd-2.4.33/srclib/ 中去
cp -r apr-1.6.1 /usr/local/src/httpd-2.4.33/srclib/apr
cp -r apr-util-1.6.2 /usr/local/src/httpd-2.4.33/srclib/apr-util
重新编译:
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/apache –sysconfdir=/etc/httpd –enable-so –enable-rewrite –with-apr=/usr/local/apr –with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util –with-pcre=/usr/local/pcre –with-included-apr && make && make install

安装编译模块

yum -y install wget
cd /usr/local/src/
tar xfz tomcat-connectors-1.2.46-src.tar.gz
cd tomcat-connectors-1.2.46-src/native
./configure –with-apxs=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs
make

如果make成功的话,在当前目录的apache-2下应该会生成一个mod_jk.so,把它复制到你apache的modules下。

cp mod_jk.so /usr/local/apache/modules/

编辑apache配置文件

vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf
#增加下面内容
Include /etc/httpd/conf/mod_jk.conf

新建 mod_jk.conf和workers.properties文件

mkdir /etc/httpd/conf
#在/etc/httpd/conf目录下新建 mod_jk.conf和workers.properties文件
#mod_jk.conf的内容是jk的配置文件,包括装载模块和日志信息以及指定解析的工作器和目录。

LoadModule jk_module /usr/local/apache/modules/mod_jk.so
JkWorkersFile /etc/httpd/conf/workers.properties
#JkLogFile /var/log/httpd/mod_jk.log
JkLogLevel info
#JkshmFile /var/log/httpd/mod_jk.shm
JkLogStampFormat “[%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y] “
JkRequestLogFormat “%w %V %T”
JkMount /servlet/* ajp13  #此处的ajp13是workers.properties文件中的worker.list配置的值,一定要写的一样,否则会报错
JkMount /*.jsp ajp13
JkMount /*.do ajp13
JkAutoAlias /usr/local/apache/htdocs

#workers.properties是Tomcat wokers的配置文件。内容如下:
worker.ajp13.port= 8009
worker.ajp13.host= 127.0.0.1
worker.ajp13.type= ajp13
worker.ajp13.lbfactor= 1

启动tomcat和apache服务,检查是否能正常启动

/usr/local/tomcat/bin/startup.sh  #启动tomcat

/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start #启动apache

创建测试文件

#在tomcat服务器下创建html文件
vi /usr/local/tomcat/webapps/test/test.html
#输入如下内容
This is tomcat’s html page

#在tomcat服务器下创建jsp文件

vi /usr/local/tomcat/webapps/test/showtime.jsp
#输入如下内容
<%@page language=”Java” import=”java.util.*”%>
::this is tomcat’s jsp page
Now,the time&date is : <%out.println(new Date());%>

#在apche服务器下创建html文件

vi /usr/local/apache2/htdocs/test/test.html
#输入如下内容

This is apache’s html page

#在apache服务器下创建jsp文件

vi /usr/local/apache2/htdocs/test/showtime.jsp
#输入如下内容
<%@page language=”java” import=”java.util.*”%>
::this is apache’s jsp page
Now,the time&date is : <%out.println(new Date());%>

在IE浏览器测试

#在IE浏览器地址栏输入
http://localhost/test/showtime.jsp
#输出内容如下,使用的是tomcat下的jsp文件,没有使用apahce下的jsp文件
::this is tomcat’s jsp page Now,the time&date is : Wed Mar 22 05:50:22 CST 2017
#在IE浏览器地址栏输入
http://localhost/test/test.html
#输出内容如下,使用的apahce下html文件,没有使用tomcat下的
This is apache’s test html page

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